Dental Implant Treatment: Types and Procedures You Should Know

Dental implants are prostheses that are surgically placed in the jaw bone to provide durable and permanent solutions for missing teeth. It replaces the root of the teeth with a biocompatible metal that provides support and stability to restorations in the chewing function. According to material Titanium and zirconium are the types of implants. Different numbers of implants are surgically placed, according to the treatment goal to provide maximum support, the implant is divided into single implants, multiple implants, all in 4, and all in 6 implants.

An expert implant specialist, after a detailed diagnosis, selects an implant on the base of treatment goal, bone density, and oral health of the patient and makes customised treatment plans according to individual dental needs and patient preferences. The metal root implant is surgically placed in the jawbone under local anaesthesia. After complete healing and fusion of the implant with bone, an abutment or connector is placed that joint restoration with the implant.

What are dental implants, and what are the benefits of implants over other tooth replacement options?

A dental implant is a long-lasting treatment option for missing teeth. In dental implant treatment, the root of the teeth is replaced with a biocompatible material and placed surgically within the jaw bone. After it completely adapts to an artificial root with bone a restoration is attached with the help of a connector. Highly experienced implant and oral surgeons successfully placed hundreds of implants and satisfied patients with implant benefits such as:

Stable and Permanent Solutions: Dental implants provide better stability. It is attached to the surrounding bone through osseointegration that prevents shifting of the implant denture during chewing. According to this experienced dentist in Gloucester VA, dental implants can also last a lifetime when maintained properly.

Natural Appearance: The implant gives a more natural appearance because it is deeply placed in the bone so tooth roots and gums are fine adapted around the restoration.

Preserve Bone: Naturally teeth root maintains the bone density of the jaw. In prolonged missing teeth, jaw bone resorbed in the upper jaw causes sagging of facial muscles and aging signs. The implant prevents jaw bone resorption jaw and maintains its density.

Improve Function with Comfort: The implant improves teeth functionally and helps in chewing food without shifting. It is also fixed and comfortable no removal and insertion are required like in removable dentures.

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What are the different types of dental implants available, how do I know which one is right for me?

The dental implant has three parts, post (artificial root), abutment (connector), and restoration. The post is the inner part, it is the main support of the restoration. The connector connects the restoration with the post.

Type of implant according to material:

Titanium Implant: Implant specialists commonly use titanium implants due to their ideal properties such as biocompatibility, good support, and stability.

Zirconium Implant: This implant material is preferred for patients who have titanium allergy and is the most durable and expensive implant.

Types of implants according to size:

Mini Implant: In a mini implant size of the implant post is smaller and it is ideally used in the condition when the jaw is thin and short in length.

Traditional Implant: This type of implant is commonly used by dental surgeons. In traditional implants, an ideal size of 3.1 to 6.5mm thickness of implant is placed to provide adequate support in all conditions of missing teeth such as single or multiple missing teeth, or complete arch replacement.

Implant type according to treatment:

  • Single Implant Crown. In this type of implant, only one implant is placed inside the bone to replace 1 tooth.
  • Multiple Implant Crown (bridge): in this implant type, 2 implants are placed inside the bone to replace multiple missing teeth.
  • All on 4 Implants: All on 4 implants are placed in boner to replace whole arch teeth, placed two front and two back of the jaw according to bone density to maximize support for multiple missing teeth.
  • All in-6 Implant: 6 implants are placed in the jaw bone to support multiple teeth.

The success of the implant depends upon durability, comfort, and strength against mechanical force during chewing and biting. An ideal implant material has all these properties such as good biocompatibility, better stability, durability, osteointegration (fusion of implant to surrounding bone), corrosion resistance, and good aesthetics.

The selection of implants depends upon the treatment goal, oral health, jaw bone density, and individual preference for the choice of implant material. An expert implant and oral surgeon, after a detailed examination of the patient’s condition and case complexity, guides the patient in selecting the ideal fit and durable implant material. Then make a customised treatment plan according to individual implant needs and choices.

How does the dental implant procedure typically take place, from placement to restoration?

Consultation and Treatment Planning: An experienced implant specialist, carefully examines oral health, bone density, and overall health of the individual before starting the implant treatment. These experts used an advanced diagnostic tool to assess jaw bone health, and then make a customised treatment plan.

Implant Placement. The implant is placed in the bone under local anaesthesia and waits for a healing period to complete the fusion of the implant with the bone. Titanium is the ideal implant post that is biocompatible and provides better support by osteointegration.

Abutment Placement. After the successful placement of the implant in the bone and proper assessment of the implant and bone fusion, an abutment is placed over the implant that connects the implant with restoration.

Restoration: After complete healing of the implant, an aesthetically and functionally match the customised Crown, bridge, and denture placed over the implant to replace missing teeth.

The implant procedure will take several months to complete according to the bone healing condition. A skilled implant specialist carefully monitors each step to avoid complications. The implant team provides post-operative instructions, such as taking a soft diet, medication to avoid pain and infection, properly maintaining hygiene, and regular follow-up to maintain the long-term results of the implant.

Conclusion

A dental implant is a durable treatment for missing teeth. An ideal implant provides biocompatibility, durability, and stability. Selections of implants based on treatment goals, bone condition, and oral health of the patient. Expert implant and oral surgeon expertly placed the implant and carefully monitored complete healing. Good oral hygiene maintenance, and improves the durability of the implant.

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